Fabrics produced by Viennese companies found their way into the MAK Textiles and Carpets Collection as early as 1900. Among them are lenghts of materials by long-standing manufacturers such as Philipp Haas & Söhne and Johann Backhausen & Söhne, as well as others by enterprises that were new at that time, like the Wiener Werkstätte.
This room displays a selection of fabrics from the period that attest the ingenuity and diversity of forms in Vienna around
1900. The materials are divided by the manufacturing techniques used: on the one side there are printed fabrics, on the other
jacquard fabrics (woven fabrics patterned with images).
The fabrics by Johann Backhausen & Söhne and the Wiener Werkstätte are of particular art historical significance. The companies
awarded contracts to the most avant-garde artists to design patterns, a novelty at that time. Inspiration came from a wide
range of sources. Hence, even before the founding of the Wiener Werkstätte (1903), Koloman Moser had designed textiles like
the famous Reicher Fischzug [Rich Haul] (1899), which was based on Japanese models. Josef Hoffmann, Dagobert Peche and Joseph Maria Olbrich also designed
fabric patterns for these two companies.
Decorating, MAK DESIGN LAB, May 2014 January 2015